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The Construction of the Railway Line between Bangkok and Ubon Ratchathani

In the past, the railway northeast from Bangkok went only as far as Korat (Nakorn Ratchasima), but in 2473 B.E. an extension to Ubon Ratchathani was begun and it was completed in 2474 B.E. The construction of the railway enabled Warin Chamrab district to become a centre for goods moving to and from Bangkok.

The Establishment of Ubon Ratchathani University

Ubon Ratchathani College first opened to students in academic year 2531 B.E. Later, in 2533 B.E., the status of the institution was raised to Ubon Ratchathani University with the event being announced in a Royal Decree. The 30th July is recognised as being the date ofestablishment of the university. Ubon Ratchathani University is the second most important institute of tertiary education in the northeast, with Khon Kaen University being the most important.

The King's First Visit to Ubon Ratchathani

His Majesty the King Bhumibol Adulyadej paid his first ever visit to Ubon Ratchathani in 2498 B.E. and was accompanied by Her Majesty the Queen Sirikit. The Royal couple visited Ubon Ratchathani City Hall and Suphatanaram Temple, followed by a visit to Kaeng Saphue in Phibun Mangsahan district.

The National Museum, Ubon Ratchathani

The museum was constructed in 2461 B.E., or during the reign of Rama 6, and was originally used as the city hall. The building was built on land belonging to Prince Sappasittiprasong, the governor of Ubon Ratchathani during King Chulalongkornûs reign. Later, there was an expansion of government agencies and it was decided to build a new city hall. The old city hall was then handed over to the Department of Fine Arts for restoration and use as Ubon Ratchathani National Museum in 2526 B.E. Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn officially opened the museum on 30th March 2532 B.E.

  The Freedom and Democracy Bridge

Construction of the bridge started in 2496 B.E. The total cost was over eight million baht, which was taken from public funds. Design and construction of the bridge was carried out and supervised by the Department of Civil Engineering, Ubon Ratchathani Municipality. The bridge is 9 metres wide and 450 metres long. The engineer who supervised the construction work was Khun Phrasit Suttatkul (who later was the first Civil Engineer of Ubon Ratchathani Municipality. Khamjorn Construction Company was the company

responsible for the bridge construction. Field Marshal P. Phibulsongkram, the Prime Minister of Thailand at the time, was the person who named the bridge "The Freedom and Democracy Bridge", to confirm the abhorrence of communism atthe time.

Reconstruction of the bridge began in 2532 B.E. and it was opened in 2535 B.E., which was the year that Ubon Ratchathani celebrated its 200th anniversary at the same time as the 200th anniversary of the Rattanakosin Bridge. The Rattanakosin Bridge connects the city of Ubon Ratchathani to Warin Chamrab district.

The National Archives Office, Ubon Ratchathani

The National Archives Office is run by the central government under the direction of the Department of Fine Arts, which is under the Ministry of Education. The foundation stone was laid by His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn on Wednesday 24th May 2538 B.E. and the office was formally named "The Crown Prince National Archives Office, Ubon Ratchathani". It is an institution that every  country maintains in order to preserve documents detailing the work of the civil service as historical

 evidence, and which is a cultural heritage that can be passed down to future generations. It is also an important centre regarding communication between all civil service agencies of the nineteen provinces in the northeast of Thailand.

Ubon Ratchathani Law Courts

The Ubon Ratchathani Law Courts were built in 2515 B.E. in the times of Police Major General Wichien Srimuntorn, an ex-governor of Ubon Ratchathani. The foundation stone was laid during a ceremony held on the 27th August 2515. The ceremony was presided over by Somdet Phra Maha Wirawong, a monk from Sri Mahathat Temple, Bang Khen, Bangkok.
Later, on the 16th January 2519 B.E., Mr. Detchart Wongkomonchet, the governor of Ubon Ratchathani at the time, respectfully requested the presence of His Majesty the King

Bhumibol Adulyadej, Her Majesty the Queen Sirikit, and His Royal Highness Crown Prince Maha Vajiralong korn to preside over the opening ceremony.
The 21st Air Force Base

The 21st Air Force Base has a long history, which began in June 2464 B.E. when there was a breakout of smallpox and cholera in Warin Chamrab district, Ubon Ratchathani province. Doctors and medical supplies were sent by air from Bangkok to Ubon Ratchathani and they arrived in time to save the lives of many.

This  event is counted as being the beginning of the first airport in Ubon Ratchathani.
Following that, in the dispute over Indo-China and the war in eastern Asia, soldiers and air force officers were sent to the air base. On the 4th June 2505 B.E., the 22nd Air Force Squadron was established at Tambon Phatum, Amphur Muang, Ubon Ratchathani. The southern part of the air base was adjacent to the town, and it was named "Ubon Ratchathani Air Force Base". Between the 5th October and 3rd November 2505 B.E., warplanes gathered one by one at the air base until a full squadron was assembled. On the 1st October 2520 B.E. the name of the base was changed from "Ubon Ratchathani Air Force Base" to "21st Air Force Base", and 1st October is now recognised as the formal date of establishment of the base.

Sappasittiprasong Hospital

The province assigned the Penitentiary Department to build a hospital on the 1st January 2478 B.E. with a budget of 81,000 baht. The hospital comprised of three brick-built buildings which were the administration, the operating theatre, and the mortuary buildings. All other buildings were constructed from wood. There were three one-floor hospital wards, which could accomodate up to 75 patients.

Construction of the hospital took a full year, and  the province carried out an auspicious inauguration ceremony to officially open the hospital on the 3rd January 2479 B.E. at the time when Phra Phatum Tewapiban was the governor of the province. It was given the name "Ubon Ratchathani Hospital" at the time, but this was later changed to "Sappasittiprasong Hospital".

Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University

Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University is a tertiary education institution which is established in the northeast of Thailand. In 2490 B.E., the institute was opened as Ubon Ratchathani Teachers' Training College and it remained that way until 2547 B.E. when the institute was raised to the status of Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University.

The Raising of the Gable and the Marking of the Sacred Limits of Sriubonrattanaram Temple

His Majesty the King Bhumibol Adulyadej presided over the raising of the gable and the marking of the sacred limits of the then Sritong Temple, after which the temple was renamed Sriubonrattanaram Temple in 2511 B.E. This is the most important and oldest temple of Ubon Ratchathani province. It was built in 2389 B.E., and it is where Phra Kaew Busarakham, an institution of Ubon Ratchathani, is enshrined.

 

Article by : Head of National Archives Ubonratchathani

Mr. Peter Gadd : Translator

 
 

 

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